Sir Gawain and the Green Knight

” If thou crave batayl bare, Here fayles thou not to fight” Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is a late 14th-century Middle English chivalric romance. It is one of the best known Arthurian stories, with its plot combining two types of folk motifs, the...

Homer’s Iliad

“An angry man-there is my story; the bitter rancour of Achilles” Although Homer’s famous epic poem, The Iliad hs conceived some 2700 years ago, it reflects much earlier myths and stories. In particular, it is built around ancestral memories of the...

On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity by John Milton

History: On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity is a nativity ode written by John Milton in 1629 and published in his Poems of Mr John Milton (1645). The poem describes Christ’s Incarnation and his overthrow of earthly and pagan powers. The poem also connects...

A Defence of Poetry By Percy Bysshe Shelly

Shelley’s “Defence of Poetry” is unusual compared with similarly titled “defences” of poetry. Shelley’s essay contains no rules for poetry or aesthetic judgments of his contemporaries. Instead, Shelley’s philosophical assumptions about poets and poetry can be read as...

Geoffrey Chaucer – The father of English Literature

Geoffrey Chaucer was born in the reign of Edward III, lived through that of Richard II, and died the year after Henry IV ascended the throne. His life thus covers a period of glaring social contrasts and rapid political change. Chaucer was born in London most likely...

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